Home' MHD Supply Chain Solutions : MHD Nov-Dec 2014 Contents 33
• Charging areas: are they adequately venti-
lated, and bunded to contain spillages? Do
they have adequate apparatus to change and
• Operator training in basic maintenance and
4. Product slotting
Product slotting can be a major headache for
warehouse teams, and whilst it is a relatively
simple process, it can be loaded with unanticipat-
ed complexity, resulting in anxiety and lost time.
Therefore it is important that stock is
correctly profiled prior to moving from one
location to another.
The process should include:
A complete review of stock-on-hand, including:
• Physical dimensions and mass of all items.
• Review of stock movement to understand
the dynamics of each product and range of
products in terms of fast, medium and slow
• Provision for reserve and order-picking slots.
• Identification and removal of obsolete stock.
• Additions of any new stock items expected in
the new DC.
Also required is a SKU-allocation process that
firstly allocates products in storage locations by
movement, i.e. fast, medium and slow velocity,
then subsequently by location, based on the
cubic size and mass of stock to be held.
5. Slot numbering
Just like your home address, it is important
that every location in a distribution centre has a
unique address. There are various protocols that
can be followed for slot numbering sequences,
but the most important point is that the ware-
house management system can be configured
using address codes to logically and sequentially
execute put-away and picking operations. The
check list for slot numbering is as follows:
• Is your slot numbering protocol easy to read,
understand and follow by staff?
• Are there enough digits in the WMS field for
the number that you propose?
• Is the protocol system logical and sequential?
• Can the address codes be printed to labels in
both human-readable and machine-readable
• What type of labels will be used: paper,
poly-propylene, vinyl, magnetic etc.?
• Code format: barcode EAN 128, ITF 14,
• How are pallet racking, shelving, small
parts bins, and flow lane slots configured
• Posting: charting where SKU are currently
located, and pre posting each to a future
6. Stock transfer and traceability
It is important to manage stock during relocation
in the same manner that you would supply it to
a customer, i.e. with full traceability and care:
• How will storage media be unloaded and how
will goods be packed? E.g. at random, or zone
• What types of packing crates will be used for
less than pallet quantities and shelf stock?
• Will crates need to be hired?
• Is stock fragile? If so, how will you handle it?
• What documentation system will be used to
tightly 'check out' stock, and 'check in' to the
new location? How will this be monitored to
ensure 99.9% control of stock during relocation?
• What is the process for quarantining and
identifying stock that is lost or misplaced?
7. Operating procedures
With a new facility, new equipment, new layout,
and new methods of performing work tasks, it
is important that new operating procedures are
prepared for each warehouse process.
• Work instructions -- who will write them, and
o Physical logistics procedures.
o Information system procedures.
• Quality assurance processes and instructions
-- What QA requirements are there within your
business and from external entities? e.g. GxP,
• How will staff be trained, by whom and by
8. Goods labelling
Consideration must be given to how stock will
be labelled to identify product entering and
leaving your new facility.
• How will goods be labelled in your new
• SSCC labels for pallets, ITF for cartons, EAN
• Do you have the printers and equipment
needed for labelling and tracking of product?
If safety is not planned during the design phase
and /or discussed with safety OH&S teams and
auditors, it can be an expensive and unexpect-
ed addition to a project. So it's better to include
Safety personnel early in the project.
• Have the safety committee and safety
auditors been consulted?
• What line-marking is required for storage, out
of bounds areas, safety zones, truck queuing,
staging of goods etc.?
• Where will pedestrian walkways and gates be
• Where will guard rails and fencing be located?
• Are bollards required to protect docks, racks,
offices and other equipment?
• What other equipment is needed?
10. Physical relocation
Physical handling of goods to your new DC is
best performed by qualified removalists with a
proven track record in relocation management.
Questions to cover are:
• How many vehicles are required to transfer
• Which transport company will you choose,
and can they handle the relocation in the
time period that you have stipulated?
• How will loads be consigned, monitored and
• Over what hours, days and weeks will the
relocation be executed?
• What is the proposed audit process to ensure
that all stock is packed, transported, received,
and put away correctly?
• How will you staff the relocation process and
in what time buckets?
Both mobile and static equipment
must be selected with an allowance
for possible future requirements for
increased capacity. File photo.
MHD SUPPLY CHAIN SOLUTIONS --- NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2014
Links Archive MHD Spt-Oct 2014 MHD Jan-Feb 2015 Navigation Previous Page Next Page